is defined as a body of knowledge, methodology, belief, or practice that is claimed to be scientific
or made to appear scientific, but does not adhere to the scientific method
lacks supporting evidence or plausibility,
or otherwise lacks scientific status.
The term comes from the Greek
(false or pretending) and “science” (from Latin scientia
, meaning “knowledge”). An early recorded use was in 1843 by French physiologist François Magendie
who is considered a pioneer in experimental physiology.